Herbal medicine is not unique to China
Our Chinese herbal medicine called traditional Chinese medicine, however, herbal medicines is not only long in China, because the world is the growth of herbs, however, the world is to treat herbs, never heard of using chemical fertilizers, pesticides, planting, but have not heard of sulfur, zinc phosphide smoked herbs.
Ethnic medicine, led by Japan, South Korea, India, Thailand and based in Germany, France and other European countries, plant medicines such as herbs, not only accounted for the vast majority of the country of the foreign market for herbal medicines, also reached a higher level in China. Foreigners herbs in China sales in 2003 amounted to $ 2.6 billion, 26% of the Chinese market.
In the 1981-2002 global listing of new synthetic drugs, herbal products and their derivatives account for 28%, herbal products synthesis, semi-synthetic drugs accounted for 24%, 32% synthetic drugs, biological drugs and vaccines to 15 percent. It can be seen that half of the chemical synthesis of new drugs from herbal product, herbal product drug discovery to be as large. In 2003, the European non-prescription herbal sales of 91.9 million euros. World Health Organization reports that more than 40 billion people in the use of herbal medicines, and to maintain an annual growth rate of 10%.
You see, some of our continent mentioning herbal said, is a traditional Chinese medicine, but also to make traditional Chinese medicine to the world, this is very funny.
Generally speaking, herbal botanicals; traditional medicine these herbal preparations.
Germany is the herbal production, mostly single natural herbal extract, or a simple compound of three to four taste herbal. Germany is the EU to use herbal medicine than any other country, accounting for 70% of the European market for herbal medicines. The application of herbal medicine in Germany already has legal status and is included in the German health insurance system.
According to the survey, 85% of the German people believe that herbal medicine is effective, low toxicity, the German government attaches great importance to the development of traditional medicine, and come up with 10 million marks a year to fund the development of natural therapies.
At present, the countries of Western Europe, first approved by the Government by the insurance company to pay the cost of medicines naturopathy hospital in Germany, the hospital due to significant effect, the reservation hospital has lined up after a year and a half in Western Europe had a sensational effect.
Herbal attention. Reportedly, the "United States Pharmacopoeia standards for herbal medicines in the recently started. The American public needs of the increasing prevalence of herbal, the U.S. National Institutes of Health in 1997 for the first time established the Botanical Lecture, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) convened a National herbal seminars.
The famous Stanford University in the United States set up a "Botanical Science Research Center, brings together a number of medical elite, specializing in herbal medicine research and development; University of California opened up a herbal garden, planted more than 190 kinds of commonly used herbal medicine. U.S. herbs mostly in foreign countries for processing, and then again around the sales. For example, the United States of American ginseng is the amount of 5 million U.S. dollars in annual sales in China.
The development history of Ayurvedic and Chinese herbal medicine is as old as. Due to historical reasons, the Western world before the knowledge of Indian herbs in Chinese herbal medicine.
Japan currently has more than 200 plant pharmaceutical companies, the largest of which Tsumura Co., Ltd. accounted for about 70% of the total output of national herbal preparations.
South Korea is one of the four Asian traditional medicine market, with annual sales of more than $ 1,000,000,000. The South Korean Health Ministry of Health in 1969 require pharmaceutical companies manufacturing herbal, no need to do clinical and other various tests. South Korean exports of competitive products ginseng, Northeast China parameter price ten times higher.
Proprietary Chinese medicines in Southeast Asia and Hong Kong, mostly prepared from the processing method according to ancient traditional Chinese medicine preparations, and domestic production of similar products.
Is worth noting that these countries and regions in the development of herbal medicine and its products at the same time, has had an impact for the development of Chinese medicine preparations. Germany, after purification standards for herbal Artemisia annua, has been replaced by Chinese artemisinin to the international market, and won a huge profit. Japan in the standardization of herbal medicine, standardization efforts, but also to the production of herbal medicine into the international market.
Is worth noting that these countries and regions in the development of the herbs, the vast majority of raw materials are not imported from China. Because many of the countries and regions of the produced herbal medicine.
The rich biodiversity is usually to express a number of species around the world 000 500-5000 species, but in fact in the scientific description of only 1.4 million kinds.
Addition to more clearly understand the higher plants and vertebrates, humans for other taxa such as insects, lower invertebrates, microorganisms and other groups still do not understand. Preliminary estimates there are 750,000 kinds of insects, vertebrates 41,000 kinds, plant about 25 million.
Biodiversity is not evenly distributed in 168 countries around the world; global biodiversity are mainly distributed in tropical forests. Tropical forests account for only 7% of the global land area to accommodate more than half of the world's species.
However, there are 12 internationally recognized biodiversity-rich countries, including Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Mexico, Zaire, Madagascar, Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, etc. These countries have 70 percent of the world botanicals.