chinese healthcare healthcare
In China, per 1,000 population has 1.5 doctors, 2.4 beds. Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Chongqing and other cities are equipped with high levels of cancer, cardio-cerebral vascular, ophthalmology, dentistry, traditional Chinese medicine and infectious diseases specialist hospitals and many hospitals; medium-sized cities in the provinces, autonomous regions are equipped with modern facilities in general hospitals or specialist hospitals. County, township and village levels, preventive medical care network has a certain basis in the vast rural areas, County Central Hospital, township health centers, administrative villages with the point of care. As health care organizations establish and improve people's health habits and gradually develop changes in the Chinese population the cause of death from infectious diseases, parasitic diseases mainly in the past mainly to malignant tumors, cerebrovascular disease and heart disease The cause of death constitute close to the level of developed countries. The level of urban and rural residents' health has improved greatly, the national average life expectancy reached 71.8 years, higher than the world average of 5 years of age.
"Prevention" is one of the important experiences of China's health work at all levels of administrative regions were established mainly to the health and epidemic prevention stations and other preventive health care institutions, with health supervision and management and disease prevention functions of the body, the formation of a national health surveillance and epidemic prevention network. Concentrate our efforts to eliminate or control infectious diseases and endemic diseases of the part of a serious threat to people's health, the NPC and the State Council promulgated the "Communicable Disease Control Act" and "Plan of Action for the national polio eradication in 1995", "China in 2000 to achieve the elimination of iodine deficiency disease Plan and other regulatory documents, disease prevention and control work can be further strengthened and achieved remarkable results.
In May 2003, the State Council promulgated the "Emergency Regulations on public health emergencies, and that the establishment of the emergency response mechanism to public health emergencies system has been incorporated into the legal track. Countries spending huge sums to build public health emergencies treatment system to strengthen and enhance the emergency center, medical treatment, hospital information management system to reflect the speed and emergency response capacity and to continue to strengthen cooperation with the World Health Organization.
That residents with prevention, treatment and care for the basic characteristics of the community health service in recent years under the impetus of urban medical and health system and community-building by the individual cities gradually extended to most cities, and increasingly welcomed by the residents. The development of community health services, adapt to changes in urbanization, population aging, disease change and social class, and provides a practical program for improving access to health services. Now, a community health service centers (stations) as the main body, other primary health care sector to supplement the community health service network is in the major cities and gradually formed.
Since 2003, China began to establish a new rural cooperative medical care system. Cooperative medical system in the main a serious co-ordination, in accordance with the personal payment, collective support, the principle of government-sponsored to raise funds, farmers participating in the cooperative medical care, sick and hospitalized, you can get a different proportion of reimbursement of medical expenses. According to the plan, this system will be covering the whole country in 2010. At the same time, China has also determined that the establishment and implementation in rural medical assistance system, and medical relief to the poor peasant families suffering from serious illness. The end of 2005, in the country and establish a standardized, improved rural medical assistance system, medical assistance funds through the financial allocations at all levels and sectors of the community voluntary contributions and other channels to raise earmarked.